governance, political economy, institutional development and economic regulation

Posts tagged ‘PM’

Being Caesar’s Wife

Pompeia, Julius Caesar’s wife, must have turned in her urn, when Dr. Singh compared his need, as PM, to be above suspicion, as Caesar demanded of her. When Pompeia did not stand up to the test, she was gone in a second. With the serial disclosures on scams and the studied silence from the PMO, “Dr. Singh’s Caesar” must now be readying to get rid of him.

In fact the curious case of the lodging of the CBI charge against Kumaramanglam Birla and Parakh, in the coal allocation case this week, sounded the first warning that the PMs days were numbered. Neither Parakh nor Birla are the targets here. It is squarely the PM who has been targeted and Birla and Parakh are just collateral damage.

Politicians, like Rhino’s, have a thick skin. Possibly after more than two decades in political office, Dr. Singh has grown a politician hide and so is committed to continuing to “do his duty” and let “historians” judge him. What about the people of India? Do their views not matter at all?

Apparently not. Dr. Singh was never elected by the people. He is the third PM from the Rajya Sabha and so has never been constrained by what his constituents may think. His constituency, as for all Rajya Sabha members, is their respective party bosses.

The pity is that even the Congress would probably be relieved to see him step down. Now that he has, again curiously and needlessly, come out in the open and accepted responsibility as Minister Coal, for the Hindalco decision, he has opened himself to be questioned by the CBI. Can he then avoid being questioned for the larger political responsibility of turning a Nelson’s eye to the rampant crony capitalism going on under him?

The pity is that Dr. Singh is not a politician. That, in fact, was his USP. His supporters were hopeful that he would be able to shine a light on murky crony capitalism and minimize it; come up with feasible options for pushing growth and expand access to and the quality of public services. Instead we saw an enhancement of “pork barrel politics”, rampant corruption in the use of natural resources and little progress on every day matters of concern to citizens; law and order, inflation, jobs, affordable housing, basic public services and infrastructure.

A respected and knowledgeable economist and an honest and well intentioned man, Dr. Singh risks losing even this limited legacy completely, with scams unraveling around him like Draupadi’s robes. Unless a Lord Krishna steps in to save him he is lost.

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This is really when Rahul needs to step up to the plate and provide the leadership the Congress party expects of him. The time is right. Dr. Sigh has already publicly stated that he is merely keeping the seat warm for Rahul. Stepping down in favour of Rahul is no big deal then and very much in the fitness of the succession logic.

What are the options? Would Dr. Singh like midnight vigils on Rajpath, asking him to step down a la the Nirbhaya incident? With the Delhi elections a month away, it is only Rahul who could provide the diversion from the price of onions and the absence of babu-sense at the top.

“There is a tide in the affairs of men.
Which, taken at the flood, leads on to fortune;
Omitted, all the voyage of their life
Is bound in shallows and in miseries.
On such a full sea are we now afloat,
And we must take the current when it serves,
Or lose our ventures.”

Brutus in William Shakespeare’s: Julius Caesar Act 4, scene 3, 218–224

Aside

Politics and theater

Parliament disgraced it self yet again. The statement of the PM on the economic situation was a welcome window into the minds of the policracy. Perhaps it is the Shatrughan or Babbar effect, but may of the honorable members believe that they magnify their own self image by copying a fiery, rightious Bachan, a braggart Sanjay Dutt or a stylishly, thughish Pran, If we wantd to see imitation actors we would watch movies instead. Pity none of them can dance though. It would have been good to see Manmohan deliver his economic sermon break dancing to a Hritesh number. The nearest any member comes to this is the redoubtable Rajiv Shukla who vitrually goes into an attarctive “wave” dance the minute the opposition shouts at the PM.

It was not clear what the government wanted to achieve yesterday. Statements made in the house are assurances of delivery (promises) which are monitored. No new promises were announced by the PM. He merely repeated what Chidambaram had already assured the house. Worse the manner in which he read the speech out had less credibility than the assured delivery style of the practised lawyer, Chidamram. The opposition oddly thought it necessary to shout down a “maun” PM. Possibly they have become so used to not hearing him at all, that that the merest squeak out of him is tantamount to an aggressive barrage.

Yes unbridled corruption is a mjor failing of the present government but that is the election plank of the Aam Admi party which is invisible in Parliament. Only those in power can be corrupt. The UPA is in. The BJP is out, so we can’t compare apples and oranges. Corrupt sons and sons in law are not a chink of the Congress alone.

I wish the opposition had cornered the PM on the three key constraints to unlocking growth and good governance. One is the recent sense of “entitlement” of the “policracy” to massive corruption. The potential and many would say the impunity, to be corrupt, erodes the possibility of shrinking Delhi in economic decision making and the transfer functions and finance to the States. On corruption it is only the record of the left parties which is relatively clean but unfortunately, unlike their brethern in China, they join the populist bandwagon here and shed crocodile tears for the poor, with little regard for the disastrous economic outcomes of populism. In fact the left is very much like our PM….honest but ineffective and the new India does not endorse that.

 Second, we need to correct  the extravagant spending on defence of around 20% of the budget. This is a major drag which comparative developing countries in East Asia (excluding China), Latin America and Africa do not face. Since the defence sector is notoriously non transparent, little is know of how much public finance leaks…..but the growing political clout of arms dealers makes it apparent that it is they, who are king makers and not the other way around.
 Third, the dynamic economic record of some state level leaders (Modi, Nitish, Patnaik etc) has a major medium term constraint. ALL of them follow the centralised Delhi model of not devolving functions and finance downwards,  to where the real action is, at the local level. That is the third quiet revolution still to happen in India but is completely ignored by all parties.
India does not lack economic or technical expertise in the public sector, skilled labour or private entrpreneurship. What we lack is a honest, formally endorsed leader at the national level. The best cooperatives, like Amul, grow because of honest, pragmatic and enigmatic leaders, like Kurien. If INFOSYS today needs to recall Murhty, to rescue it, shouldn’t India also reach back in time and get an oldie (albeit preferably, one without a child-in-waiting), who has the experience, the rectitude and the fire in the belly to lead? India is a young country but sometimes, it is only the exprienced who can deliver what the young want.

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